What Are the Benefits and Risks of Intravenous Therapy? If you’re considering undergoing IV therapy, you need to understand the risks involved. Learn about Infiltration, Extravasation, and Hemorrhage. Learn about the common side effects of IV therapy. You should also discuss IV Therapy in Calgary for any medical conditions or medications you are taking, and any reactions you may have to prescribed vitamins. You should also tell your doctor if you are on any medications or suffer from any allergic reactions.
The safety and efficacy of peripheral intravenous therapy depends on the selection of the right venous access device. There are several types of devices, and the choice should depend on the type of medication to be infused, duration of IV therapy, and patient needs. These devices are divided into two categories: peripheral IV access devices and central venous catheters. Table 8.1 summarizes the complications associated with peripheral intravenous therapy.
During IV Therapy, a medical professional evaluates the patient’s health and conducts a blood test. This blood test ensures that the appropriate amount of fluid and nutrients is being infused into the body. Patients are seated in comfortable chairs and the rate at which intravenous fluid is administered depends on the client’s age, weight, and medical condition. After the medical provider performs a medical history evaluation, a nurse or qualified doctor cleans the area to be injected and inserts an IV catheter.
One of the risks associated with IV therapy is the possibility of extravasation, which can happen if the fluid infusing into the veins becomes too concentrated. This condition may result in tissue damage or permanent nerve or muscle injury. It can also lead to the need for skin grafts or even amputation. The most common place for extravasation to occur is the antecubital fossa and the dorsum of the hand. The limbs that are at high risk of extravasation are those with local vascular problems, which may reduce venous flow, causing infusates to pool. Drugs with high osmolality may also cause tissue damage or inflammation.
While extravasation can occur with any drug, it is especially important to prevent it from happening during chemotherapy. Chemotherapy medications are notoriously toxic, and if extravasated, the drug could cause irreversible tissue damage. Generally, the process of preventing extravasation includes discontinuing the infusion, replacing the lead with a disposable syringe, and aspirating back blood from the arm or leg. Sometimes, the original cannula is left in place to facilitate cleaning of extravasated tissue.
In a mild hemorrhage, the infusion of non-oxygen-carrying fluids can restore intravascular volume and correct any underlying complication. In severe hemorrhage, blood products and large volumes of fluids may be necessary to restore perfusion and prevent coagulopathy. In addition to fluids, the administration of a vesicant solution may prevent the development of clots or cause burns, blistering, or necrosis.
An intravenous drip can be administered using a rapid infusion system to deliver 250 ml of 7.5% saline. The rapid infusion system can be inserted into the patient through an intraosseous needle, or a vein. The resuscitation phase can be compromised if inadequate bulk is available, but it is critical to provide oxygen to the patient to prevent hypoxia. A bolus of 7.5% saline is also recommended by the Committee on Fluid Resuscitation for Combat Casualties.
The benefits of intravenous therapy are many. Not only does it provide nutrients and medications, everything you need to know about IV treatment it can help patients recover more quickly and feel more energetic. While IV therapy can cause some side effects, they are minor and go away quickly. The benefits of IV therapy may outweigh the risks. Patients should always discuss IV therapy side effects with their healthcare professional before undergoing it. Here are the most common side effects associated with IV therapy. You should expect a mild to moderate feeling of nausea for the first couple of days, with no lasting effects.
A few minor side effects of IV vitamin therapy can include bruising or soreness at the injection site. You may also experience a metallic taste in your mouth. It is also important to tell your medical professional about any medications or medical conditions you may be taking, as they could affect your IV vitamin therapy. Some vitamin IVs are contraindicated for people with kidney disease or heart conditions. Additionally, excessive vitamin concentrations can interfere with electrolyte balance and can lead to heart attacks and other health problems. Nonetheless, many patients do not experience any serious side effects from IV vitamin therapy.
The cost of IV therapy visits varied widely across patient cohorts, region, and type of insurance. For example, in a 2008 study, patients with metastatic breast cancer incurred an average cost of $2,477 PPPV, with IV administration costs accounting for 10.2% of this total. In a 2011 study, patients with small cell lung cancer had similar IV administration costs, but lower costs overall. In both of these studies, the cost of IV administration was reported in US dollars.
The cost of IV administration differs widely across patient insurance plans, including Medicare and managed care. The cost of a single agent therapy is significantly lower than a multiple-agent regimen. Multiple drug regimens were more expensive, though the cost per agent decreased as the number of drugs increased. Overall, IV administration costs are approximately eight percent higher than those of a single agent therapy. The costs for other visit-related services were higher by six percent for patients with managed-care insurance.